ultimobranchial gland

ultimobranchial gland
a paired endocrine gland producing calcitron which helps regulate the calcium level by lowering it. Located between the ventral wall of the oesophagus and the sinus venosus. See also corpuscles of Stannius

Dictionary of ichthyology. 2009.

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  • ultimobranchial gland — ▪ anatomy       in biology, any of the small bodies in the pharynx that develop behind the fifth pair of gill pouches in the vertebrate embryo. In mammals the ultimobranchial tissue has become incorporated into the parafollicular cells of the… …   Universalium

  • ultimobranchial body — n a hollow vesicle that is formed from the fourth pharyngeal pouch, may represent a fifth pharyngeal pouch, and gives rise to cells that produce calcitonin and later become incorporated into the thyroid gland in higher vertebrates or persist as… …   Medical dictionary

  • Ultimobranchial body — Infobox Embryology Name = PAGENAME Latin = GraySubject = GrayPage = Caption = Caption2 = System = CarnegieStage = Precursor = fourth pharyngeal pouch GivesRiseTo = parafollicular cells MeshName = Ultimobranchial+body MeshNumber = A13.939… …   Wikipedia

  • ultimobranchial bodies — embryonic derivatives of the fourth pharyngeal pouches (sometimes described as a rudimentary fifth pouch); they migrate along with the parathyroid glands and are incorporated in the thyroid gland. In vertebrates other than mammals, these remain… …   Medical dictionary

  • hormone — hormonal, hormonic /hawr mon ik, moh nik/, adj. /hawr mohn/, n. 1. Biochem. any of various internally secreted compounds, as insulin or thyroxine, formed in endocrine glands, that affect the functions of specifically receptive organs or tissues… …   Universalium

  • endocrine system — Group of ductless glands that secrete hormones necessary for normal growth and development, reproduction, and homeostasis. The major endocrine glands are the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, islets of Langerhans, adrenals, parathyroids, ovaries …   Universalium

  • calcitran — a substance produced by the ultimobranchial gland (q.v.) which helps regulate the calcium level …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • body — 1. The head, neck, trunk, and extremities. The human b., consisting of head (caput), neck (collum), trunk (truncus), and limbs (membra). 2. The material part of a human, as distinguished from the …   Medical dictionary

  • Calcitonin — is a 32 amino acid linear polypeptide hormone that is produced in humans primarily by the parafollicular cells (also known as C cells) of the thyroid, and in many other animals in the ultimobranchial body.[1] It acts to reduce blood calcium… …   Wikipedia

  • Calcitonin — A hormone produced by the thyroid gland that lowers the levels of calcium and phosphate in the blood and promotes the formation of bone. Bone is in a constant state of remodeling whereby old bone is removed by cells called osteoclast and new bone …   Medical dictionary

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